What Are The Different Types Of Malware In The Internet
Are you a frequent Internet user? You must be, considering every business from small to large corporates is making use of the internet for various purposes. So, you must also have heard of terms such as spyware, malware, Trojans, worms and viruses. You are correct. These are programs which can harm a computer.
In short, these programs are one of the deadliest weapons in a hacker’s terrorism act. In fact, they come next to the nuclear weapons. If left loose, they can cause loss of million dollars all around the world.
One way to prevent the problems is to exercise caution at all times. You have to be careful in clicking attachments of emails. There are other actions such as disabling pop-up windows in the browser. You should also restrict downloading of various software apps from any app store. The best part – keep the security software and anti-malware always updated.
There are some people who consider worms, viruses, trojans to be in the same plane, but they are wrong. Yet, you can include all of these words under the malware term.
So, what are the types of malware?
It is a computer program that has the rare ability for duplication. They increase their numbers and get transferred to another computer via storage media or internet. But they do not cause harm to the computer. Because of their numbers, they consume space and slow down the computer. In case of email worms, they spread by sending messages to all the addresses in the contact list.
2. Virus –
A cousin of the worm, but in a more deadly form. Similar to its cousin, it also duplicates the numbers, but also damage the files. But they are vulnerable as they can perform only when a host program offers support. They attach to a program or document and can corrupt or destroy the data. A virus can steal passwords, spam the email contacts, and take over your entire laptop or PC.
Your laptop and PC can get infection via email, downloading of internet files, social media links, attachment in text messages. The smart phones and mobile device can, by app downloads. They can be hidden in funny images, audio and video files.
3. Trojan –
Have you heard about the famous Trojan Horse tale? The Greeks, city of Troy, etc. You got it. Good. Now, coming to the subject, they do not perform activity such as the worms and viruses. But they are even more deadly. They offer a backdoor entry for malicious program to get to your computer and steal confidential data. Some types of Trojans are –
- Backdoor Trojan
- Downloader Trojan
- Infostealer Trojan
- Remote Access Trojan
- Distribute Denial of Service (DDoS) Attack Trojan
Please note, this malware does not corrupt the laptop as well desktop machines. They can cause destruction to the mobile devices. So do not download any app from an unreputed playstore. It may be a Trojan in the guise of your favorite app.
4. Adware –
You have heard about advertisements, but adware? No, they are not clothes, but are used for displaying advertisements on the desktop or any device. They are sent in attachments with free software. Though they do not harm the computer or files, you lose valuable time in closing or disabling the ads. In some cases, the hacker can put a malicious code in an adware program and can monitor your computer.
5. Spyware –
Similar to adware, they also come with free software programs. They can track the personal details and send it to the hacker. They can also help in installation of unwanted software.
6. Spam –
Receiving unwanted emails from unknown persons by the dozen? You can call this as spam, in other words junk emails. When a person floods the internet of the same message, the term is spamming, but in other words, it is called as advertising. Be kind enough to note that the junk emails can consist of Trojans or Viruses.
7. Ransomware –
You made the guess right. It is a malware that holds the confidential info in your computer device to ransom. It can encrypt the data and prevent you from using the computer. The hacker then asks for the money to be transferred to the account to get the device to normalcy.
Now, did you get an idea of malware and the various types? So, all the infections in your computer are not only viruses, but also other programs.
But why is malware created?
Since the beginning of humankind, there are good and evil people. Some reasons are outlined below –
- The hacker needs to take control of an individual’s PC for personal gain such as stealing of data
- To prove a point that the security system is vulnerable
- To bring down a competitor’s website
Let us imagine, you are a lecturer in a reputed college in Hyderabad. You make use of the laptop for teaching purposes by power point programs. Let us imagine, one day, your computer starts behaving abnormally. So how will you search for the best laptop repair in Hyderabad?
Instead of searching on referrals and listing websites, you can hire the services of the top laptop technician in Hyderabad. There are an entire set of hyperlocal service companies which offer best quality doorstep services. By opting for this method, you can restore the laptop back to normalcy within a short time.